Physical Education Health and Children (PEHC) és un projecte amb una intenció clarament científica però a la vegada, amb una remarcable vocació pedagògica i comunitària que incorpora, de forma interdisciplinar,  coneixements de la medicina, la fisioteràpia, la biologia i l’educació.

El gran objectiu del PEHC és estudiar els efectes d’un Treball Neuromuscular Integrat sobre la competència motriu, la predisposició a l’obesitat i l’adherència a recomanacions d’activitat físic saludables en edat pediàtrica.

Aquest plantejament ens obliga a intervenir des d’una perspectiva molt holística i comunitària, treballant conjuntament amb mestres, entrenadors i tècnics, però també amb les famílies i els mateixos infants i joves.

 A l’inici les intervencions es van centrar en l’àmbit escolar, més concretament a través d’un projecte transversal liderat des de l’àrea d’Educació física, però l’evolució del PEHC ha avançat  cap a altres àmbits com l’extraescolar multiesportiu i l’esportiu.

Projecte

El gran objectiu del PEHC: Estudi dels efectes d’un Treball Neuromuscular integrat sobre la competència motriu, la predisposició a l’obesitat i l’adherència a recomanacions d’activitat física saludables en edat pediàtrica.

PEHC Escolar:

Estudi dels efectes d’un Treball Neuromuscular Integrat sobre la competència motriu, la predisposició a l’obesitat i l’adherència a les recomanacions d’activitat física saludable en nens de 8 anys a Cassà de la Selva i Salt.

  • Agents implicats: polítics locals, mestres tutors i mestres d’Educació Física, famílies, pediatres locals, nens i nenes de 8 anys, investigadors del PEHC.
  • Accions desenvolupades:
    1. Sessions informatives-formatives a tots els agents implicats.
    2. Ciència a l’escola: Comunicació directa entre els nens/es i els investigadors per poder respondre a la pregunta: Què li passa al cos quan es mou?
    3. 3 diades de recollida de dades a l’escola: motrius, antropomètriques i metabòliques.
    4. 24 sessions de Treball Neuromuscular Integrat a les classes d’Educació Física.
    5. 1 Informe de salut i activitat física a totes les famílies participants.
    6. Festa de colenda amb presentació de resultats i lliurament de certificats Petit Investigador:
      1.  “ Estic aprenent moltes coses, i és molt divertit però em canso una mica” alumne de 2on curs.
      2.  “El PEHC m’ha donat l’oportunitat d’oferir als meus alumnes una experiència motriu que els hi dóna recursos per gestionar la seva salut al llarg de tota la seva vida” Mestre d’Educació Física.

PEHC Extraescolar:

Estudi dels efectes d’un Treball Neuromuscular Integrat sobre la competència motriu i la seva evolució cap a una motricitat específica en nens de 6 a 9 anys inscrits en una activitat d’iniciació esportiva extraescolar.

  • Agents implicats: AMPA de l’escola, nens i nenes de 6 a 9 anys, famílies, investigadors del PEHC.
  • Accions desenvolupades:
    1. Sessions informatives-formatives a tots els agents implicats.
    2. 3 diades de recollida de dades a l’escola: motrius, antropomètriques i metabòliques.
    3. 68 sessions de Treball Neuromuscular Integrat a situacions preesportives de desenvolupament de les habilitats motrius específiques.
    4. 3 Informes de salut i activitat física a totes les famílies participants:
      1. “Com és que no s’ha ofert una proposta com aquesta abans. És que la meva filla encara no sap quin esport vol fer” Pare d’una participant.

         

PEHC Esportiu:

Estudi dels efectes d’un Treball Neuromuscular Integrat sobre la competència motriu i la seva evolució cap a una motricitat específica en el bàsquet en nens i adolescents de 10 a 16  anys federats en un club esportiu de bàsquet.

  • Agents implicats: Direcció tècnica i entrenadors del Club, jugadors de bàsquet de 10 a 16 anys, famílies, i investigadors del PEHC.
  • Accions desenvolupades:
    1. Sessions informatives-formatives a tots els agents implicats.
    2. 3 diades de recollida de dades al club: motrius, antropomètriques i metabòliques.
    3. 32 sessions de Treball Neuromuscular Integrat com escalfament de l’entrenament setmanal.
    4. 2 Informes de salut i activitat física a totes les famílies participants:
      1. ”M’ha demostrat que cal una base motriu general molt bona per millorar en els aspectes més específics del bàsquet”  Entrenador.

PEHC PCI:

Estudi de l’elasticitat muscular en nens amb paràlisi cerebral i recomanacions pel tractament que afavoreixi la qualitat de vida.

  • Agents implicats: Infants i joves, famílies, investigadors del PEHC.
  • Accions desenvolupades:
    1. Sessions informatives-formatives a tots els agents implicats.
    2. 1 diada de recollida de dades a les instal·lacions EUSES: motrius, antropomètriques, metabòliques i musculoesquelètiques (elastomiografia):
      1.  “ Ens sentim tan afortunats. Sempre tenim preguntes sobre el que li passa el nostre fill. Aquest projecte ens apropa a algunes respostes” familiar d’un infant amb PCI.

Investigadors

El PEHC forma part del Grup de Recerca PHAS-Research, grup emergent d’EUSES-campus de Salt, i concretament de la línia de recerca Educació Física i obesitat.

L’equip és multidisciplinari, comptant amb especialitats de la biologia, la medicina, la fisioteràpia, l’educació física i l’esport.

El grup està coordinat per la Dra. Anna Prats la qual té experiències tant en la investigació clínica com bàsica en la línia del metabolisme energètic en edat pediàtrica.

DOCTORANDS

DOLORS CASELLAS

Investigadors col·laboradors

Altres col·laboradors

PRUDENCE MORGAN - WOOD

COL·LABORADORS EXTERNS

  • Laura Batallé
  • Ines Osiniri
  • Marti Pons
  • Jordi Sergatal
  • Xavi Salvador

Estudiants involucrats

2016-2017

  • Aitor Serra (FISIO)
  • Àlex Rigall (CAFE)
  • Eduardo Dominguez (FISIO)
  • Guillem Ferrer (CAFE)
  • Irene González (FISIO)
  • Mailen Migliora (CAFE)
  • Rita Arranz (FISIO)
  • Rose Barthe (FISIO)
  • Sergi Garcia (CAFE)

2017-2018

  • Adria Ontiveros (CAFE)
  • Aitor Serra (FISIO)
  • Alba Hernandez (CAFE)
  • Àlex Repiso (FISIO)
  • Ariadna Neira (FISIO)
  • Audrey Lousteau (FISIO)
  • Carole Fage (FISIO)
  • David Marin (FISIO)
  • Eduard Muntada (FISIO)
  • Esther Mestres (FISIO)
  • Ferran Diaz (FISIO)
  • Francesc de Sagarra (CAFE)
  • Guillem Ferrer (CAFE)
  • Hugo (FISIO)
  • Judith Soler (FISIO)
  • Julia Enrique (CAFE)
  • Laia Ventura (FISIO)
  • Laura Bataller (CAFE)
  • Malika (FISIO)
  • Marc Colls (CAFE)
  • Marina Serra (FISIO)
  • Miquel Osuna (FISIO)
  • Nicolas Tola (FISIO)
  • Nuria Josep (CAFE)
  • Olga Grau (CAFE)
  • Pau Rubio (CAFE)
  • Pierre – Louis Liquiere (FISIO)
  • Roxane Venchi (FISIO)

2018-2019

  • Jordi Parramon (CAFE)
  • Júlia Enrique (CAFE)

2019-2020

  • Adrià José (CAFE)
  • Adrià Ontiveros (CAFE)
  • Joana Maria Seguí (CAFE)
  • Jordi Parramon (CAFE)
  • Júlia Enrique (CAFE)
  • Marc Segui (CAFE)
  • Maria Lendoiro (CAFE)
  • Sergi Oliveres (CAFE)
  • Xavier Rosselló (CAFE)

ArticleS

PEHC PHYSICAL EDUCATION HEALTH AND CHILDREN. UN PROYECTO EDUCATIVO COMUNITARIO PARA PREVENIR LA OBESIDAD INFANTIL

 Font-Lladó, R.; González-Lafont, A.; Prats-Puig, A.

RESUMEN

El PEHC- Physical Education, Health and Children es un proyecto educativo comunitario que aborda la realidad de la obesidad infantil des del ámbito científico y la intervención local. El objetivo principal es generar dinámicas educativas comunitarias para la reducción y prevención de la obesidad infantil a través de la actividad física. Durante los cursos académicos 2016-17, 2017-18 se implicaron, a) des del ámbito local: 5 escuelas, 6 profesores de Educación Física, 3 políticos locales, 2 equipos de pediatría de la sanidad pública, 270 escolares de 8 años de 2 municipios diferentes y 513 familiares, y b) des del ámbito científico: un grupo de 4 investigadores sénior y 5 investigadores en formación.

El PEHC se concretó en tres actuaciones:
1) Organizar sesiones formativas con todos los agentes.
2) Formar al maestro de educación física para el desarrollo de una metodología de Trabajo Muscular Integrado para la mejora de la competencia motriz de los niños de 8 años.
3) Investigar, junto con los escolares, la relación entre actividad física y salud a través de la pregunta ¿Qué 
le pasa al cuerpo cuando se mueve?

Las conclusiones apuntan que la Educación Física puede ser el motivador para generar dinámicas educativas comunitarias para la reducción de la obesidad infantil a través de un estilo de vida activo.

 https://www.reefd.es/index.php/reefd/article/viewFile/803/681

¿POR QUÉ ES IMPORTANTE DESARROLLAR LA COMPETENCIA MOTRIZ EN LA INFANCIA Y LA ADOLESCENCIA? BASE PARA UN ESTILO DE VIDA SALUDABLE.

La competencia motriz (CM) es la manifestación de la habilidad motriz (HM) como respuesta contextualizada. La CM contribuye a que los jóvenes dispongan de un mayor repertorio de opciones motrices en la que se sientan competentes. En sentido opuesto, la incompetencia motriz puede llevar a una inhibición o inactividad progresiva que a la vez genera más incompetencia y menos adherencia a la actividad física (AF) en la infancia y la edad adulta.

La evidencia científica muestra cómo la inclusión de AF orientada a la vivencia de experiencias ricas en HM, desarrollada por especialistas en educación física, favorecen el desarrollo de la CM en los jóvenes.

A su vez, existen evidencias de que el trabajo neuromuscular integrado mejora la salud y el rendimiento de las HM.

En esta línea, el presente trabajo tiene un enfoque triple: (a) definir la relación entre la CM y la práctica de AF saludable (b) justificar la necesidad de establecer un diagnóstico para el desorden por déficit de ejercicio, y (c) proponer el trabajo neuromuscular integrado como metodología para mejorar la condición física y la CM de los niños y adolescentes.

https://www.apunts.org/es-por-que-es-importante-desarrollar-articulo-X0213371717615881

Comunicacions a congressos

EUROPEAN COLLEGE OF SPORT SCIENCE – 2017 – METROPOLITAN, ALEMANYA

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY POSITIVELY AFFECTS STRUCTURAL CONNECTIVITY OF THE BRAIN

  • Introduction: To study the association between physical activity practice during childhood and changes in the brain tractography by means of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) at the adulthood.
  • Methods: We performed brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) on 24 healhty adults (14 female; age 40.2±11.4 years) using a 1.5 T scanner. Imaging protocol included DTI with 16 diffusion-sensitized gradients applied along 15 non-collinear directions with a b-value of 1000s/mm2andanatomical T1 turbo-field echosequence. Axial diffusivity (AD), radial diffusivity (RD), mean diffusivity (MD), and fractional anisotropy (FA) maps were calculated using Olea Sphere 3.0 software (Olea Medical, La Ciotat, France). FSL tools (FMRIB, Oxford, UK) were used for image normalization and white matter tracts DTI-metrics were obtained from ICBM-Atlas. Physical activity in childhood was assessed using self-reported questionnaires. The relation between variables was analyzed by Spearman correlation followed by multiple regression using the enter method.
  • Results: Regular sport practice before 16 years of age was positively related the mean FA of the right fascicle of posterior corona radiate (r=0.545; p=0.013) and the left posterior limb of internal capsule (r=0.652; p=0.001), areas of white matter. All these associations remained significant after correcting for confounding variables such as: age, gender and educational level.
  • Conclusion: Regular sports practice before 16 years of age positively affects structural connectivity of the brain. The main modified regions in healthy adults are the corona radiate and the internal capsule, both areas with motor and sensory fibres in charge of carrying information to and from the cortex.

EUROPEAN COLLEGE OF SPORT SCIENCE – 2017 – METROPOLITAN, ALEMANYA

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY BEFORE 16 YEARS OF AGE IS ASSOCIATED WITH THALAMUS VOLUME AND VERBAL MEMORY IN HEALTHY ADULT SUBJECTS

  • Introduction: To study the association between physical activity during childhood and thalamus volumetric measures as well as verbal memory in healthy adults.
  • Methods: We mapped the thalamus volumetric values from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in 24 healhty adults (14 female; age 40.2±11.4 years) using a 1.5 T scanner. Imaging protocol included anatomic T1 turbo-field echo sequence with a spatial resolution of 1x1x1 mm. Thalamic volumes were automatically segmented by using Freesurfer (Martino Center for Biomedical Imaging, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts). We estimated verbal memory by the Long Term Storage (LTS) Selective Reminding Test (SRT) subtests. We assessed physical activity in childhood using self-reported questionnaires. The relation between regular sports practice before 16 years of age with thalamus volume and verbal memory were analyzed by Spearman correlation followed by multiple regression using the enter method.
  • Results: Regular sports practice before 16 years of age, was positively related to thalamus volumes [left (r=0.672; p=0.002) and right (r=0.646; p=0.003) thalamus] as well as verbal memory [scores from SRT (r=0.502; p=0.024) and false positive responses (r= -0.675; p=0.001)]. Moreover, the false positive responses using the rey auditory verbal learning test were negatively related with left (r= -0.543; p=0.013) and right (r= -0.549; p=0.012) thalamus proper. The associations between the sports practice before 16 years of age with left thalamus volume (􀉴=0.474; p=0.036; R2= 0.469) and false positive responses for the rey auditory verbal learning test (􀉴=0.381; p=0.013; R2= – 0.622) remained significant after correcting for confounding variables such as: age, gender and educational level.
  • Conclusion: Practicing physical activity during childhood positively affects the volume of the thalamus, structure involved in motor and cognitive functions, as well as verbal memory in the adulthood.

EUROPEAN COLLEGE OF SPORT SCIENCE – 2018 – DUBLÍN, IRLANDA

INFANT CRAWLING AS A POTENTIAL MODULATOR OF THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN SLEEP FRAGMENTATION AND OBESITY PARAMETERS AT 8 YEARS OF AGE

  • Introduction: Crawling onset is linked to sleep disruption during infancy. At childhood, shorter sleep duration and sleep fragmentation  predisposes to obesity. Furthermore, the effect of crawling during infancy in sleep fragmentation and obesity at childhood is unknown.  Our aim was to ascertain whether the association between sleep fragmentation index and obesity parameters at 8 year of age can be  modulated by crawling during infancy.
  • Methods: Sleep duration and fragmentation index were assessed with on average six nights of actigraphy in 59 healthy children (26  boys, 33 girls; age, 7.56 ± 0.35 yr; BMI z-score, -0.32 ± 0.83) included in the PEHC (Physical Education, Health and Children) project. We  measured body mass  index  (BMI)  z-score and waist  circumference as obesity parameters. Associations between  sleep duration and  fragmentation index with obesity parameters were tested for crawling.
  • Results: No differences were  seen  in Actigraphic  sleep duration at  childhood according  to  crawling during  infancy. Crawling  infants exhibited higher  sleep  fragmentation  index  (p=0.032) at  childhood. At 8  years of age,  children with higher  sleep  fragmentation  index present lower BMI z-score (r= -0.405; p=0.001) and waist circumference (r= -0.364; p=0.003). The association between sleep fragmentation index and obesity parameters at 8 years of age was significant only in children who crawled during infancy [(BMI z-score (r= -0.397; p=0.009); waist  circumference  (r=-0.383;  p=0.012)].  These  associations  remained  significant  after  adjusting  for  confounding  variables such as age and gender in linear regression models.
  • Conclusion: We report new evidence for infant crawling as a potential modulator of the association between sleep fragmentation index and obesity parameters at childhood.

EUROPEAN COLLEGE OF SPORT SCIENCE – 2018 – DUBLÍN, IRLANDA

INTEGRATIVE NEUROMUSCULAR TRAINING PROGRAM TO IMPROVE MOTOR COMPETENCE IN PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN. AN EXPLORATORY INVESTIGATION

  • Introduction: Fundamental movement skills (FMS) such as motor skills associated with locomotor, manipulative, and balance are elementary units of movement which are necessary to be mastered to achieve more specialized movement and engaging children in regular participation in physical activity. Integrated neuromuscular training (INT) is a specific methodology that focuses on the development of FMS and physical fitness in order to achieve motor competence. The aim was to assess an INT program designed specially to improve motor competence in prepubertal children (8yr) performed during PE lessons in primary schools.
  • Methods: Participants: 45 children [23 boys, 22 girls; age 7.6•0.3 yr] were included in the PEHC (Physical Education, Health and Children) project. Recruited from 2 schools in a Northern Spain region, randomly divided into either a control (learn to swim) or intervention (INT program and learn to swim) group. Procedure: Preintervention testing includes the Canadian Agility and Movement Skill Assessment (CAMSA) which measured 7 movement skills in a dynamic environment. Intervention: The INT program incorporates FMS and specific strength and conditioning tasks. It lasts 3 months: 20 minutes, 2 days x week and 24 sessions in total. All sessions were executed during the warm up of Physical Education (PE) lessons and were supervised by 2 persons: 1/ the PE teacher previously formed in INT and 2/ an expert in INT. All sessions integrated increasingly difficult tasks in different aspects: FMS, lower extremity strength, general coordination, general strength, pliomtrey tasks, velocity situations, core strength, and static balance, and use different methodologies (circuits, games, and introjective exercices). Experts provide constant corrective feedback. Postintervention data collection followed the same procedure used for preintervention.
  • Results: After training, changes in motor skills competence between the INT and control group were evident. The total score for motor competence increased by 4 points in the INT group (p<0.0001) and also an increase can be seen in the locomotion and manipulative skills scores (p<0.0001 and p=0.039, respectively). Compared with the control group, the intervention group improved motor competence (p=0.018) including locomotion skills (p=0.045) as well as manipulative skills (p=0.044). The CAMSA doesn’t allow to isolate the balance skills.
  • Conclusion: In the current study we provide evidence for use this INT protocol adapted to be carried on warm-up in a PE lessons in primary school to improve the FMS in children. The effectiveness of the INT program have been shown only in the intervention group. Those results can be explained by:
    • a) integrates conditional capacities in a specific way for the FMS benefist.
    • b) gradually increase the level of difficulty.
    • c) provides an unstable base of support, introducing challenge to core control and lower extremity alignment.
    • d) gives verbal instructions to improve performance.

ASOCIACIÓN ESPAÑOLA DE INVESTIGACIÓN SOCIAL APLICADA AL DEPORTE- 2018. GRANADA, SPAIN

PEHC – PHYSICAL EDUCATION HEALTH AND CHILDREN. UN ROYECTO EDUCATIVO COMUNITARIO PARA PREVENIR LA OBESIDAD INFANTIL.

El PEHC- Physical Education, Health and Children es un proyecto de educación comunitaria que aborda la realidad de la obesidad infantil des del ámbito científico y la intervención local. El objetivo principal es generar dinámicas educativas comunitarias para la reducción y prevención de la obesidad infantil a través de la actividad física.

Durante los cursos académicos 2016-17, 2017-18 se implicaron

  • a) des del ámbito local: 5 escuelas, 6 profesores de Educación Física, 3 políticos locales, 2 equipos de pediatría de la sanidad pública,  270 escolares de 8 años de 2 municipios diferentes y 513 familiares
  • b) des del ámbito científico: un grupo de 4 investigadores sénior y 5 investigadores en formación.

El PEHC se concretó en  tres actuaciones:

  1. Organizar sesiones formativas con todos los agentes
  2. Formar al maestro de educación física para el desarrollo de una metodología de Trabajo Muscular Integrado para la mejora de la competencia motriz de los niños de 8 años
  3. Investigar, junto con los escolares, la relación entre actividad física y salud a través de la pregunta ¿Qué le pasa al cuerpo cuando se mueve?

Las conclusiones apuntan que la Educación Física pude ser el motivador para generar dinámicas educativas comunitarias para la reducción de la obesidad infantil a través de un estilo de vida activo.

CONGRESO INTERNACIONAL DE DOCENCIA UNIVERSITARIA-2018. GIRONA, SPAIN

PEHC_PHISICAL EDUCATION HEALTH AND CHILDREN. Interdisciplinar training in research to Sport Science and Physiotherapy Degrees.

Within the context of extracurricular practices, the Physical Education, Health and Children (PEHC) project offers students of Physiotherapy and Sciences of Physical Activity and Sports research training. For one year, students of both degrees are trained from an interdisciplinary perspective to develop a theoretical foundation, and to collect and analyze data. The aim is double a) to give resources for the professional observation, diagnosis and action; b) to train by research.

EUROPEAN COLLEGE OF SPORT SCIENCE – 2019 – PRAGA, REPÚBLICA TXECA

AN INTER-RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CARDIOVASCULAR AND POSTURAL SYSTEMS IN APPARENTLY HEALTHY CHILDREN

  • Introduction: During upright posture, skeletal muscles help maintain venous return and consequently regulates blood pressure homeostasis. Previous studies have reported a positive association between orthostatic changes of systolic and diastolic blood pressure with the centre of pressure in adults. However, studies in children regarding the association between the centre of pressure, blood pressure and obesity parameters are missing. The purpose of our study was to assess the association between the centre of pressure path length and cardiovascular (systolic and diastolic blood pressure) and anthropometric variables (waist, muscle mass, fat mass and BMI SDS) in apparently healthy children.
  • Methods: The centre of pressure path length (Wii _t), systolic and diastolic blood pressure (Dinamp Pro 100) as well as muscle mass, fat mass (TANITA), waist and BMI SDS were assessed in a cohort of apparently healthy children (n= 171, 81 girls and 90 boys) with a mean age of 7.45 ± 0.33 included in the Physical Education, Health and Children (PEHC) Study. Associations between the centre of pressure path length and cardiovascular and anthropometric variables were assessed by Persons correlations following multiple regression analysis to adjust for confounding variables.
  • Results: In our study, higher values for the centre of pressure path length for the dominant leg were associated with higher systolic and diastolic blood pressure (r=0.158; p=0.037 and r=0.165; p=0.033, respectively) and with higher values for the studied anthropometric variables [waist (r=0.235; p=0.002), percentage of fat mass (r=0.196; p=0.010), muscle mass (r=0.174; p=0.022) and BMI-SDS (r=0.190; p=0.013)]. No associations were seen either for non-dominant leg or bilaterally. Interestingly, all the associations between the centre of pressure path length and cardiovascular [systolic and diastolic blood pressure (r=0.298; p=0.004 and r=0.234; p=0.027, respectively] and anthropometric variables [(waist (r=0.337; p=0.001), percentage of fat mass (r=0.322; p=0.002), muscle mass (r=0.268; p=0.010) and BMI-SDS (r=0.275; p=0.009)] remain significant only in girls. In multiple regression analyses, girls’ centre of pressure values contributed independently to systolic blood pressure (β= 0.198, p= 0.034) explaining 40.5% of its variance after controlling for age, height, percentage of fat mass and maturity offset.
  • Conclusion: These results suggest an independent effect of the centre of pressure path length on blood pressure as early as in childhood. Thus, providing more evidence for the interrelationship between cardiovascular and postural systems.

EUROPEAN COLLEGE OF SPORT SCIENCE – 2019 – PRAGA, REPÚBLICA TXECA

CENTRAL OBESITY AND BIOLOGICAL MATURITY AS DETERMINANTS OF THE CENTRE OF PRESSURE PATH LENGTH

  • Introduction: Increased skeletal muscle injury risk has been associated with sensorimotor function for postural control (static and dynamic). Postural control acquisition in children is closely related to biological maturity, while in adults the center of pressure path length depends on obesity parameters, mainly central obesity. However, there are no studies regarding the association between the center of pressure path length and obesity parameters in children. Our goal was to assess whether obesity parameters are related to the centre of pressure path length in children independently of biological maturity.
  • Methods: The center of pressure path length on dominant leg (Wii fit), biological maturity (Mirward formula) and anthropometrical parameters (waist and height) were assessed in a cohort of 171 apparently healthy children (81 girls and 90 boys) with a mean age of 7.45 ± 0.33 included in the Physical Education, Health and Children (PEHC) Study. Associations between the centre of pressure path length and anthropometric variables were assessed by Pearson correlations following multiple regression analysis to adjust for confounding variables.
  • Results: In all children higher values for the centre of pressure path length in the dominant leg were associated with higher biological maturity (r=0.345; p<0.0001) and waist (r=0.253; p=0.002). However, the association with waist remain significant only in girls (r=0.694; p<0.0001). In multiple regression analyses in all children; waist (β= 0.239; p= 0.011), biological maturity (β= 0.734; p=0.000) and height (β= -0.237; p= 0.012) were independently related to the centre of pressure path length at dominant leg explaining 18.5% of its variability. Finally, the abovementioned association were only significant in girls (waist (β= 0.324; p=0.018), biological maturity (β= 0.052; p=0.012) and height (β= -0.415; p= 0.011)) explaining 26.9 % of its variability.
  • Conclusion: These results showed an independent effect of both central obesity and biological maturity on the centre of pressure path length in dominant leg in apparently healthy children. We suggest that not only biological maturity but also obesity parameters should be taken into account, at least in girls, while training postural control skills.

EUROPEAN COLLEGE OF SPORT SCIENCE – 2019 – PRAGA, REPÚBLICA TXECA

THE EFFECT OF CRAWLING DURING CHILDHOOD ON CARDIOVASCULAR AND ANTHROPOMETRIC PARAMETERS IN APPARENTLY HEALTHY CHILDREN

  • Introduction: The development of the child in the first years of life is essential to the acquisition of motor skills such as crawling. It is known that those children who show a poorer motor development will be more likely to health problems, such as obesity and associated pathologies. However, the impact of the absence of crawling on the first year of life on cardiovascular and anthropometric parameters is unknown. The purpose of our study was to assess the difference between children who did crawl and those who did not crawl during childhood on cardiovascular (systolic blood pressure) and anthropometric parameters (fat mass, waist and BMI SDS) in apparently healthy children.
  • Methods: Systolic blood pressure (SBP, Dinamp Pro 100), fat mass (TANITA), crawling during childhood (self-administrated questioner), waist (perimeter tape) and BMI SDS were assessed in a cohort of apparently healthy children (n=48, 26 girls and 22 boys) with a mean age 7.44 ± 0.33 included in the Physical Education, Health and Children (PEHC) Study. Differences on crawling (n=27) and no crawling (n=21) with cardiovascular and anthropometric variables were assessed by Mann Whitney U-test following multiple regression analysis to adjust for confounding variables.
  • Results: In bivariate models, SBP (p=0.02) and waist (p=0.05) were higher in children who did not crawl. In multivariable analysis crawl was an independent predictor of SBP (p=0.01) and waist (p=0.007) after controlling for age and sex. However, when correcting by waist, age and sex, crawl didn’t correlate with SBP (p=0.19).
  • Conclusion: These results suggest an effect of crawling on cardiovascular risk parameters but not on anthropometric parameter. Thus, the child’s motor development should be monitored, because being an absence of crawling during the first year of life could have a negative impact on children cardiovascular health.

FIEP FEDERATION INTERNACIONAL DE EDUCACIÓN FÍSICA – 2019 – BARCELONA, SPAIN

PEHCBQ: PYSICAL EDUCATION HEALTH AND CILDREN IN BASKETBALL CONTEXT

According to Whitehead, physical literacy can be described as the ability to move with competence and confidence in a wide variety of physical activities in different environments (Whitehead, 2010). Young people should have the motivation, confidence, physical competence and knowledge to take responsibility for maintaining healthy lifestyles throughout the life course (Edwards, Bryant, Keegan, Morgan, & Jones, 2016; Whitehead, 2013). 

Youth Physical Development (YPD) highlights the importance of the athletic development at an early age considering biological maturation. YPD emphasizes the importance of appropriate training in muscle strength, physical fitness and motor skills (Lloyd et al., 2015; Lloyd & Oliver, 2012). Initial stages are focused on fundamental motor skills, and in middle stages the emphasis is on specific motor skills. Long Term Athlete Development (LTAD) has the purpose of progressive development that recognizes the distinct stages of physical, mental, cognitive, and emotional development in young athletes (Lloyd & Oliver, 2012; Balyi, Way & Higgs, 2013). Physical Education Health and Children Basketball (PEHCBQ) is the program that this article presents. It takes Canada Basketball system (Canada Basketball, 2008) as a reference to design the program presented. PEHCBQ is developed in the LTAD stages like Learn to Train and Train to Train (Canada Basketball, 2008) where specific motor skills are defined as Basketball Motor Skills (BMS).

Integrated neuromuscular training (INT) is a specific training methodology that focuses on the development of FMS and physical fitness (Fort-Vanmeerhaeghe, Romero-Rodriguez, Lloyd, Kushner, & Myer, 2016; Fort, Roman, Font-Lladó, 2016) which includes general tasks (locomotor, balance and manipulative skills) and specific strength and conditioning tasks (agility, strength, plyometric and coordination capacities) in general, and specific contexts (Fort-Vanmeerhaeghe et al.,2016; Faigenbaum et al., 2011).

The goal of PEHCBQ is to provide tools for lifelong transversal wellness development in young basketball players, promoting a) improvements in physical fitness and FMS, and b) acquisition of BMS. Sixty youth basketball players between 10 to 15 years of age of both genders participated in the PEHCBQ program. Players were divided according to their training team in FDCassanenc Club (12U,13U,15U).

Tesis doctorals

* Doctorand: Jorge Cazorla

Títol: El gateo en la infancia como factor predictivo de la obesidad y estilo de vida en niños sanos de 8 años de edad.

 

* Doctoranda: Dolors Casellas

Títol: Elasticidad muscular para evaluar la espasticidad en pacientes con parálisis cerebral.

Premis i reconeixements

El projecte PEHC “Physical Education Health and Children” dut a terme per la Dra. Anna Prats Puig, la Dra. Raquel Font Lladó i la Dra. Blanca Roman i liderat des de l’Escola Universitària de la Salut i l’Esport (EUSES) ha estat guardonat amb el premi PAAS en l’àmbit educatiu. 

https://girona.euses.cat/el-projecte-pehc-physical-education-health-and-children-liderat-des-deuses-guardonat-amb-el-premi-paas-2018-en-lambit-educatiu/

 

Contacte

Correu: pehc@euses.cat

Twitter: @pehceuses